Novel coronavirus (nCov-2019) is an unknown and unfamiliar virus for us. Current knowledge is largely based on what is known about similar coronaviruses. So how does Novel Coronavirus spread:
Human to Human spread
The virus is thought to spread mainly from human-to-human.
- Between people who are in close contact with one another (about an arm length from the person standing in front or behind)
- Via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
- These droplets and air particle that can land in the mouths or noses of huuman who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs
From animal to human
Coronaviruses are notable for infecting animals such as cows, chickens and pigs, in addition to humans. In these economy, human can gain easy access to delicacy, when the meat product are not properly checked and consumed by human, the Novel Coronavirus started to spread. Disease-causing coronaviruses often originate in non-human animals and later leap human populations. SARS-CoV, for example, was eventually traced to civets, which were an intermediate step for the virus originating in a species of bats. At this time, the animal origins of 2019-nCoV have not been determined.
How efficiently does the virus spread?
How easily does novel coronavirus spread from human-to-human vary. Some viruses are highly contagious (like measles), while other viruses are less so. Another factor is whether the spread continues over multiple generations of people (if spread is sustained). The virus that causes COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily in Hubei province and other parts of China. In the United States, spread from human-to-human has occurred only among a few close contacts and has not spread any further to date.
In Conclusion, Coronaviruses are common and spread through being in proximity to an infected person and inhaling droplets generated when they cough or sneeze, or touching a surface where these droplets land and then touching one’s face or nose.
But there are ways we can avoid being contaminated while still being in contact with others